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Bell foundry – warming up a drainpipe before casting a bell

The sound of incandescence of charcoal in the drainpipe, under which the clay molds of bells are buried. The recording was realized in Felczyńscy Bell Foundry in Taciszów (Poland).

Before casting, the bells are buried in holes in the ground, then carefully filled up, so the ground prevents their bursting as a result of hot metal being poured inside. There is a drainpipe built above them, leading metal from the furnace to each mold. The drainpipe is warmed up with charcoal, which is watched after not to blow out. It will later allow to pour liquid metal into the mold.

The casting is prepared from gunmental, i.e. alloy with 22% of tin and 78% of copper. The metal is melted in a shaft furnace. It needs to reach the temperature of 1200 Celsius degrees. Wood and coke is put inside the furnace alternatingly with metal. The bell founder evaluates temperature in the furnace on the basis of its interior. While doing it, they do not use any measuring tools. When the temperature is proper, charcoal is removed from the drainpipe, and remains of coke are gotten out of the furnace. Hot metal is released from the furnace. It flows from to the molds through the drainpipe. The flooded molds remain in the casting pinhole for 3 days, until they cool down to the ambient temperature. It is crucial not to harden the bells, as it has adverse influence on sounds that they emit.

Sound recordist: Monika Widzicka
Photographer: Rafał Sworst
Video recordist: Piotr Leszczyński


3.9 MB
44 s
1 (Mono)
Sample rate:
Bit rate:
Bit depth:
44.1 kHz
705 kb/s
16 bit

Recorded on December 16, 2014
Felczyńscy Bell Foundry
Taciszów, POLAND
Creative Commons License